The Republic of India or Bharat Ganrajya is a Sovereign Socialist Democratic Republic country. It is the largest democracy in the world with variety and rich cultural heritage. The great Indian culture evolved during its long history by preserving its ancient heritages of the Indus Valley Civilization, Vedic age, rise of Buddhism, Golden age, Muslim conquests and European colonization. India has a great diversity of cultural practices, languages, customs, and traditions.
India – a vast country
India is a country that occupies a greater part of the South Asian continent covering an area of 32,87,263 sq. km. Bounded by the great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west side.
•India is the seventh largest country in the world
•Second most populous country in the world
•Population of more than 1 billion
•India has 28 States and 7 Union Territories
India a diverse country
India is a diverse country and it can be clearly seen in its geography, people, culture and climate. The snow capped Himalayas reaching the skies, the vast area of desert, green rain washed forests, live perennial rivers flowing and the solid central plateau clearly glorify the diversity of its geography. Similar to its vast geography, the Indian culture varies. The food, clothing and habits of Indians differ from place to place but they all live in harmony.
•India has a huge population of about 119.8 crore (Source: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare 2009)
•All the five major racial types – Australoid, Mongoloid, Europoid, Caucasian, and Negroid find representation among the people of the country.
•India is one of the most religiously diverse nations across the globe. Out of the total population in the country, Hindus constituted 80.5%, Muslims 13.4%, followed by Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, and others (Source: Census 2001)
•India has 22 National Languages recognized by its constitution. Hindi and English are official languages. Besides these, there are 844 different dialects that are practiced in various parts of the nation.
•India is a multi-cultural and multi-religious society celebrating festivals of various religions. Some of the festivals celebrated all over the country are Janmashtami, Christmas, Rakshabandhan, Deepawali, Id-ul-Zuha, Ramnavami, Guru Nanak Jayanti etc.
•Indian cuisine varies from region to region, showcasing the varied demographics of the ethnically diverse country. Indian cuisine can be broadly split into five categories such as North, South, East,West Indian and North-eastern.
Unity in diversity
The hallmark of India is its unity in diversity. Its real strength lies in its compactness of culture, firmness of trust and togetherness between Indians. Though there is a huge diversity in physical, religious, racial variety and languages, people from every nook and corner of the country live in harmony with the pride and patriotism of being Indians. People from diverse cultures, surroundings, habits, life-style, preferences, costumes represent one country – India.
Every person, right from his/her childhood would be taught and reminded of his/her role and place in the society. They are taught not only to respect their as well as others culture, tradition, language and festivals, but also to celebrate them wholeheartedly.
Here the Koran, the Bhagwat-Gita, the Bible, the Guru Granth Sahib all will get same respect and honor. Many people (particularly along with friends) visit all the places of worship with same faith and hope irrespective if their religion. Whether it is Diwali, Christmas or ID, most of them celebrate with undivided joy. In fact, almost every family celebrates festivals inviting friends from other religions. Neighbours and friends play a major role in joyous occasions as well as in grief moments. Right from the cradle ceremony to funeral ceremony, Indians with a strong bond of love and friendship share their feelings of happiness or pain.
Every Indian is aware of the fact that Britishers implemented the ‘Divide and Rule’ policy and exploited them for almost 200 years. So they cannot afford to lose their hard-earned independence again. Though there were some instances where people have fought against each other for some reason or the other but such cases very few and only a small, in fact negligible amount of people (with sadistic behaviours) get influenced by this.